13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020)

Name of policy 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020)
Jurisdiction Country
Supranational region
Country China
Region Asia


Subnational region or state
City or local
Policy objective
  • Mitigation
  • Air pollution
  • Food security
  • Water
  • Economic development
Type of policy instrument
  • Target
    • GHG reduction target
      • Formal & legally binding GHG reduction target
    • Renewable energy target
      • Formal & legally binding renewable energy target
    • Energy efficiency target
      • Formal & legally binding energy efficiency target
  • Policy support
    • Strategic planning
    • Climate strategy
      • Formal & legally binding climate strategy
      Sector name
      • General
        Policy description The objective of highest priority of the plan is economic development, aiming for an average annual increase in GDP of 6.5-7%. However, the plan also addresses a series of environmental issues, setting targets for GHG emissions, air pollution, energy and water consumption, as well as an update and removal of old technologies and industries.

        Reduce carbon intensity by 18% by 2020, as compared to 2015. The Plan assigns the responsibility of developing the national carbon trading scheme, to be launched in 2018, to the Government. Coal is capped at 5 billion metric tons per year in 2020.

        "increase the share of non-fossil fuel energy to 15 percent by 2020; ban commercial logging in natural forests." (http://www.apcoworldwide.com/docs/default-source/default-document-library/Thought-Leadership/13-five-year-plan-think-piece.pdf?sfvrsn=2) It also aims to increase forest coverage to 23.04% (http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/13th-five-year-plan/)

        One of the aims of the plan with regard to air pollution is to maintain acceptable air quality levels for 80% of the year by 2020. As an action towards achieving air quality improvements, China aims to remove 4 million high-emissions vehicles that are currently on the roads. Subsidies and tax breaks to support new technologies are already in place and will continue to be.

        Aims to lift 70 million people out of poverty by 2020 (all population currently below the poverty line of annual income 2300 yuan per year) (http://www.apcoworldwide.com/docs/default-source/default-document-library/Thought-Leadership/13-five-year-plan-think-piece.pdf?sfvrsn=2)

        "Reduction of water consumption by 35% by 2020 as compared with 2013 (which is consistent with the target in the Water Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan)" (http://www.kwm.com/en/au/knowledge/insights/china-13th-5-year-plan-environment-sustainability-initiatives-20160414)

        Aims to have 15% energy intensity reduction in 2020 compared to 2015.

        According to WRI (2016) the included carbon intensity target will decrease by almost 50% by 2020 compared to 2005.

        Ratified by National People's Congress in March 2016 (https://www.uscc.gov/sites/default/files/Research/The%2013th%20Five-Year%20Plan.pdf)

        Policy type
        • Changing activity
        • Energy efficiency
        • Non-energy3
        Policy stringency
        Implementation state Implemented
        Date of decision 2015
        Start date of implementation 2016
        End date of implementation
        High impact GHG reduction
        Impact indicator
        NameValueBase yearTarget yearComments
        GHG emissions reduction (%)
        Share of renewables (%)
        Energy efficiency improvement target (%)
        50
        18
        15
        2,005
        2,015
        2,020carbon intensity decrease
        share of non fossil fuel in primary energy consumption
        reduction in energy intensity


        Source or references http://www.apcoworldwide.com/docs/default-source/default-document-library/Thought-Leadership/13-five-year-plan-think-piece.pdf?sfvrsn=2

        http://www.pwccn.com/webmedia/doc/635835257136032309_prosperity_masses_2020.pdf http://english.cntv.cn/2015/11/03/ARTI1446559744633822.shtml http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/13th-five-year-plan/ http://www.chinafile.com/reporting-opinion/environment/how-chinas-13th-five-year-plan-addresses-energy-and-environment

        (WRI, 2016) http://www.wri.org/blog/2016/03/5-questions-what-does-chinas-new-five-year-plan-mean-climate-action

        Supports policies
        Is supported by policies
        Comments (background and assessment)
        Status Final

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