3rd Strategic Energy Plan Japan 2010

Name of policy 3rd Strategic Energy Plan Japan 2010
Jurisdiction Country
Supranational region
Country Japan
Region Asia


Subnational region or state
City or local
Policy objective
  • Mitigation
  • Energy security
Type of policy instrument
  • Target
    • GHG reduction target
      • Formal & legally binding GHG reduction target
    • Renewable energy target
      • Formal & legally binding renewable energy target
    • Energy efficiency target
    Sector name
    • General
      • Electricity and heat
        • Coal
        • Gas
        • Nuclear
        • Oil
        • Renewables
      Policy description Under it the emphasis is on energy security consisting of five factors: improving the ratio of energy self-sufficiency, energy conservation, diversification of energy structure and supply sources, maintenance of the supply chain, and improvement of emergency response capability. The targets set for 2030 are as follows:

      - Double the energy self-sufficiency ratio (18% at present, including nuclear power generation) and the domestically-developed fossil fuel supply ratio* (26% at present), and raise the energy independence ratio to about 70 percent from the present 38 percent.

      • The ratio of fossil fuel supply from domestic and overseas interests that a Japanese company has a share in the total supply

      - Raise the ratio of energy from zero-emission power sources such as nuclear and renewable energy to 70 percent (by more than 50% in 2020) from the present 34%. For this purpose: Build more than 14 additional nuclear plants (nine by 2020). Raise the overall plant capacity utilization rate to 90 percent (85% by 2020) from the 60% in 2008. Maximize the use of renewable energy. Cut carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the residential sector by half. Maintain and raise energy efficiency in the industrial sector to the highest level in the world. Maintain or achieve top-level shares of global markets for energy-related products and systems. According to the plan, the goal is to reduce domestic energy-related CO2 emissions by 30 percent in 2030 compared to the 1990 level. Its intention was to increase nuclear energy in the mix to raise Japan's level of energy self-sufficiency, on the assumption this would also enhance energy security. (Although Japan imports all the uranium it needs for nuclear power generation, nuclear power was deemed a "quasi-domestic energy" because the government considers it possible to recycle nuclear fuel at home, if the nuclear fuel cycle is based on reprocessing used fuel and using it in fast-breeder reactors.) (http://www.japanfs.org/en/news/archives/news_id031723.html)

      Policy type
      • Energy efficiency
      • Renewables
      • Nuclear or CCS or fuel switch3
      Policy stringency
      Implementation state Superseded
      Date of decision 2010
      Start date of implementation 2010
      End date of implementation 2014
      High impact No
      Impact indicator


      Source or references http://www.japanfs.org/en/news/archives/news_id031723.html
      Supports policies
      Is supported by policies
      Comments (background and assessment)
      Status Final

      Download this policy as Excel file