Act on Purchase of Renewable Energy Sourced Electricity by Electric Utilities (Law No. 108 of 2011) Japan 2012

Name of policy Feed-in tariff scheme for renewable electricity (Act on Purchase of Renewable Energy Sourced Electricity by Electric Utilities, Law No. 108 of 2011)
Jurisdiction Country
Supranational region
Country Japan
Region Asia


Subnational region or state
City or local
Policy objective
  • Mitigation
Type of policy instrument
  • Economic Instruments
    • Fiscal or financial incentives
      • Feed-in tariffs or premiums
  • Regulatory Instruments
    • Obligation schemes
    • Policy support
      • Institutional creation
      • Barrier removal
        • Net metering
          • Grid access and priority for renewables
          Sector name
          • Electricity and heat
            • Renewables
          Policy description "Propelled partly by the increased interest in renewable energy following the Fukushima disaster, the Renewable Energy Act passed the Diet in August 2011 and was enacted in July 2012. It requires electric utility operators to purchase all the renewable electricity generated from most of the renewable energy sources (solar, onshore and offshore wind, geothermal, biomass, and hydro smaller than 30 MW)."

          (Source: http://www.wri.org/sites/default/files/wri_workingpaper_japan_final_ck_6_11_14.pdf)

          A new FiT scheme has been approved in 2016 with the goal to achieve a more balanced distribution between the different types of renewable sources (solar leading at the moment). "The program of changes will take effect on April 1, 2017, and includes a reverse auction system that will replace the FIT system for large-scale photovoltaic (PV) solar projects." (http://www.whitecase.com/publications/alert/changes-japans-existing-renewable-energy-feed-tariff-system)

          The FiT subsidies for solar PV systems for fiscal year 2016 are as following: -24 Yen for capacity >10kWh -33 Yen for capacity <10kWh without PCS (power conditioning system) -35 Yen for capacity <10kWh with PCS

          "FiT subsidies for renewable energy resources except from solar PV are as follows, and all are unchanged from fiscal year 2015 (excluding tax): -Onshore wind power: 22 yen (>20kW); 55yen (<20kW) -Offshore wind power: 36 yen (>20kW) -Geothermal: 26 yen (>150,000kW); 40 yen (<150,0000kW) -Small/Micro hydro: 24/14 yen (1,000~30,000kW); 29/21 yen (200~1,000kW); 34/25 yen (<200kW). Dependence: new facilities / existing river courses. -Biomass (non-wood): 32 yen (>2,000kW); 40 yen (<2,000kW) -Biomass (wood and others): 24 yen (wood); 13 yen (wasted building wood materials); 17 yen (wastes); 39 yen (biogas, methane)" (http://pv.energytrend.com/news/Japan_Announces_FIT_for_Fiscal_Year_2016.html)

          "METI announced the new taxation for renewable energy for fiscal year 2016 along with the new FiT schemes. The tax for renewable energy per kWh will be 2.25 yen." "The new taxation will be effective between May 2016 and April 2017" (http://pv.energytrend.com/news/Japan_Announces_FIT_for_Fiscal_Year_2016.html)

          Policy type
          • Renewables1
          Policy stringency
          Implementation state Implemented
          Date of decision 2012
          Start date of implementation
          End date of implementation
          High impact GHG reduction
          Impact indicator


          Source or references http://www.whitecase.com/publications/alert/changes-japans-existing-renewable-energy-feed-tariff-system

          http://law.e-gov.go.jp/cgi-bin/idxrefer.cgi?H_FILE=%95%BD%93%F1%8EO%96%40%88%EA%81Z%94%AA&REF_NAME=%93d%8BC%8E%96%8B%C6%8E%D2%82%C9%82%E6%82%E9%8D%C4%90%B6%89%C2%94%5C%83G%83l%83%8B%83M%81%5B%93d%8BC%82%CC%92%B2%92B%82%C9%8A%D6%82%B7%82%E9%93%C1%95%CA%91%5B%92u%96%40&ANCHOR_F=&ANCHOR_T= http://www.wri.org/sites/default/files/wri_workingpaper_japan_final_ck_6_11_14.pdf

          Supports policies
          Is supported by policies
          Comments (background and assessment)
          Status Final

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