Carbon tax

Name of policy Carbon tax
Jurisdiction Country
Supranational region
Country Mexico
Region North America


Subnational region or state
City or local
Policy objective
  • Mitigation
Type of policy instrument
  • Economic Instruments
    • Fiscal or financial incentives
      • CO2 taxes
Sector name
  • Industry
    • Electricity and heat
      • Coal
      • Oil
    • Buildings
      • Transport
        Policy description A carbon tax was introduced in 2014 for fossil fuel production. The base rate is USD 3.5/tCO2 and offsets are allowed through CERs from CDM registered projects. It is not a tax on the full carbon content of fuels, but rather on the additional amount of emissions that would be generated if the fossil fuel were used instead of natural gas. Natural gas is entirely exempted from the tax (SEMARNAT, 2014).
        Policy type
        • Nuclear or CCS or fuel switch1
        Policy stringency
        Implementation state Implemented
        Date of decision 2014
        Start date of implementation 2014
        End date of implementation
        High impact GHG reduction
        Impact indicator


        Source or references https://www.thepmr.org/system/files/documents/Carbon%20Tax%20in%20Mexico.pdf
        Supports policies
        Is supported by policies
        Comments (background and assessment)
        Status Final

        Download this policy as Excel file