Climate Doctrine Russian Federation 2009

Name of policy Climate Doctrine
Jurisdiction Country
Supranational region
Country Russian Federation
Region Europe


Subnational region or state
City or local
Policy objective
  • Mitigation
  • Adaptation
Type of policy instrument
  • Policy support
    • Strategic planning
    • Climate strategy
      • Political & non-binding climate strategy
      Sector name
      • General
        • Electricity and heat
          • Gas
          • Nuclear
          • Oil
          • Renewables
        Policy description The Climate Doctrine itself is not a binding bill, but rather a declaration that sets strategic guidelines for climate action. However, on 25th April 2011, the Comprehensive Plan for Implementation of the Climate Doctrine to 2020 has been approved. Some of the main actions envisioned in the Doctrine are setting a price on carbon, and enhancing energy efficiency and the expansion of renewables and alternative energy sources.

        The energy targets presented in the Doctrine are: to reduce the share of energy generated from natural gas to 46% or 47% by 2030 (from more than 50% currently); doubling the capacity of nuclear power plants; increase the share of electricity produced from renewables to 1.5% by 2010, 2.5% by 2015 and 4.5% by 2020; and limit the burning of gas produced from oil wells. RE target of 1.5% by 2010, 2.5% by 2015 and 4.5% by 2020 was superseded in 2014 by the State Program on Energy efficiency and Energy Development. Followed by the Comprehensive Plan for Implementation of the Climate Doctrine to 2020.

        National, regional and local authorities are responsible for producing and implementing action plans that are in line with the Doctrine, creating fiscal and financial incentives for the development and deployment of technologies that enhance energy efficiency, and lead to adaptation to and mitigation of climate change. Furthermore, the responsibility to adopt measures that lead to energy efficiency in vehicles, building, services and the production of heat and electricity rest with the enterprises themselves.

        1. Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation, 2009, 2. Comprehensive Plan of Implementing the Russian Federation’s Climate Doctrine for the Period until 2020 (Introduced in April, 2011).

        Policy type
        • Changing activity
        • Energy efficiency
        • Renewables
        • Nuclear or CCS or fuel switch
        • Non-energy5
        Policy stringency
        Implementation state Implemented
        Date of decision 2009
        Start date of implementation
        End date of implementation
        High impact No
        Impact indicator


        Source or references http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/6365

        http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/climate-doctrine-of-the-russian-federation/

        Supports policies
        Is supported by policies
        Comments (background and assessment)
        Status Final

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