Climate change mitigation and adaptation sector plan for the consolidation of a low carbon economy in the manufacturing industry
|Name of policy||Climate change mitigation and adaptation sector plan for the consolidation of a low carbon economy in the manufacturing industry|
|Region|| South America
|Subnational region or state||—|
|City or local||—|
|Type of policy instrument|
|Policy description|| “The Sector Plan for the Reduction of Industry Emissions (Industry Plan) is a commitment by the Brazilian society and the private and public sectors with the promotion of a sustainable development path for the national industry. The Plan’s objective is to prepare the country’s industry for the new future scenario that is emerging in the horizon, in which carbon productivity, equivalent to the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions per product unit, will be as important as work productivity and other productive factors in defining the international competitiveness of Brazilian industry. In order to do that, it will be necessary to establish management systems for the greenhouse gas emission of the industrial sector as tools to improve competitiveness, in a process similar to the implementation of environmental management systems in the past.
“The design and implementation of the sector plan is based on the rules established by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and do not affect the ongoing validity of such rules, including the commitment with international financial and technological support for the actions of countries not included in Annex and flexibilities for them with regard to measurement, communication and verification of emissions and emission reductions. “The Industry Plan is based on three pillars: (i) Gradual implementation of a measurement, reporting and verification system (MRV) for the emission of greenhouse gases produced by industrial activities. (ii) Action Plan with a set of measures and instruments to encourage emission reductions. (iii) Creation of an Industry Plan Technical Commission (CTPIn) comprising representatives of the government, industry, civil society and academia, responsible for detailing the Plan’s actions, monitoring and periodical reviews.
“The Industry Plan adopts as reference a 5% reduction target for emissions in industrial processes and energy use in the industrial sector, in relation to the trend scenario (Business As Usual) projected for 2020. The target’s role is to stimulate improvements to the efficiency of industrial processes and not to hinder economic growth.” (Government of Brazil, 2013)
Legal base of the Industry Plan is Act no. 12187/2009 and Decree # 7390 of December 9th, 2010. (http://climatepolicydatabase.org/index.php?title=Law_12187/2009,_establishing_the_National_Policy_on_Climate_Change_(NPCC),_regulated_by_Decree_7390/2010_Brazil_2009)
- 5% reduction relative to national BAU (325 MtCO2e) by 2020
|Date of decision||2013|
|Start date of implementation||—|
|End date of implementation||—|
|High impact||GHG reduction|
|Source or references||(Government of Brazil, 2013) http://www.desenvolvimento.gov.br/arquivos/dwnl_1432732103.pdf|
|Is supported by policies|
|Comments (background and assessment)|| Planned policy?
Target: achieve a five percent reduction below the emissions level projected for 2020, and its main goal is to reduce all industry-related GHG emissions