Energy Development Strategy Action Plan (2014-2020) China 2014

Name of policy Energy Development Strategy Action Plan (2014-2020)
Jurisdiction Country
Supranational region
Country China
Region Asia

Subnational region or state
City or local
Policy objective
  • Mitigation
  • Energy security
Type of policy instrument
  • Target
    • Energy efficiency target
      • Political & non-binding energy efficiency target
    • Renewable energy target
      • Political & non-binding renewable energy target
  • Policy support
    • Strategic planning
    Sector name
    • Industry
      • Electricity and heat
        • Coal
        • Gas
        • Nuclear
        • Oil
        • Renewables
      Policy description "The targets include a cap on annual primary energy consumption set at 4.8bn tonnes of the standard coal equivalent until 2020, with a need to limit the annual growth rate of primary energy consumption to 3.5% for the next six years. The annual coal consumption should be held below 4.2bn tonnes until 2020 (16.3% more than the 3.6bn tonnes burned in 2013, according to the National Coal Association). The share of non-fossil fuels in the total primary energy mix is to rise from 9.8% in 2013 to 15% by 2020, with an indicative 20% share by 2030. The share of natural gas is to rise to above 10% (185 billion cubic meters annually), while that of coal will be reduced below 62%. In addition, installed nuclear power capacity is to reach 58GW by 2020, with additional 30GW expected to be under construction in 2020. Installed capacity of hydro-, wind and solar power in 2020 is expected to reach 350GW, 200GW and 100GW, respectively. Energy self-sufficiency should reach around 85%." (

      By 2020, the plan aims to have coal-bed methane production of up to 30 billion cubic meters. Old coal units will be required to implement energy saving upgrade project, serving 600,000 kilowatts (except air-cooled units) and strives to have a drop in energy consumption to 300 grams of standard coal per kilowatt-hour over the next 5 years. The plan aims towards strengthening building energy planning and implementation of building energy efficiency upgrade project. This should apply to 75 per cent of residential building energy efficiency design standards as soon as possible, accelerate the construction of green buildings and retrofitting of existing buildings, the implementation of public building energy consumption quotas and green building rating and labeling system, promote energy appliances and green lighting, and actively promote the construction of new energy city. By 2020, nuclear power installed capacity should reach 58 million kilowatts and have under construction a capacity of 30 million kilowatts or more.

      • The current installed capacity of hydro power is 300 gigawatts - aims for 350 gigawatts by 2020 • The installed capacity of on-grid wind power is 95.81 gigawatts - aims for 200 gigawatts by 2020 • The installed capacity of solar power is 28.05 gigawatts - aims for 100 gigawatts by 2020 • Aims for 50 gigawatts installed capacity of geothermal power by 2020

      Policy type
      • Changing activity
      • Energy efficiency
      • Renewables
      • Nuclear or CCS or fuel switch4
      Policy stringency
      Implementation state Implemented
      Date of decision 2014
      Start date of implementation
      End date of implementation 2020
      High impact GHG reduction
      Impact indicator
      NameValueBase yearTarget yearComments
      Energy efficiency improvement target (%)
      Share of renewables (%)
      limit of annual increase in energy consumption for six years (2014-2020)
      share of non fossil fuel energy in the primary energy consumption

      Source or references State Council on the issuance of Energy Development Strategy Action Plan (2014-2020 year) (Chinese):

      Rough English translation of the original document:

      Supports policies
      Is supported by policies
      Comments (background and assessment)
      Status Final

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