Energy efficiency legislation (Federal Law 261-FZ, €œOn Saving Energy and Increasing Energy efficiency Increase and Amending Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation€) Russian Federation 2009

Name of policy Energy efficiency legislation (Federal Law 261-FZ, €œOn Saving Energy and Increasing Energy efficiency Increase and Amending Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation€)
Jurisdiction Country
Supranational region
Country Russian Federation
Region Europe


Subnational region or state
City or local
Policy objective
  • Mitigation
Type of policy instrument
  • Economic Instruments
    • Fiscal or financial incentives
      • Tax relief
  • Information and education
    • Performance label
    • Regulatory Instruments
      • Auditing
        • Codes and standards
          • Building codes and standards
          • Product standards
      Sector name
      • Buildings
        • Appliances
        • Heating and cooling
        • Hot water and cooking
      • Electricity and heat
        Policy description "This Law is a general law on Energy Efficiency which creates the general framework for energy

        efficiency in Russia. The main focus in the Law is on the government and budget-funded sector. The government should be the first to start an energy efficiency reform. No specific measures are included for industry, but it can be expected that these will be developed in the future."

        "This law provides: • a mandatory energy audit in budget-funded organizations, the first audit shall be performed within the coming three years; • an opportunity to enter into energy service agreements; • an obligation to reduce energy consumption in comparable conditions by at least 3% per annum within five years. The savings above this standard shall be kept by a budget-funded institution and may be used, without limitation, for the staff salaries. • a new ideology of public procurements. The Law introduces the right to set minimum energy efficiency requirements upon procurement of any goods for government needs. The Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade shall make proposals for changing the existing and/or introducing new product energy efficiency requirements. • requirements for household appliances and devices. The law introduces a requirement for producers and importers to label their products according to energy efficiency classification • changes in the tariff policy. One of the main incentives to increase energy efficiency of natural monopolies and public utility organizations is the use of long-term tariff regulation methods, first of all, return on invested capital method. Tariffs will be established for three years or more, simultaneously with companies’ obligations to ensure reliability and quality of the services provided."

        "The action plan of the Law consists of: • Gradual phasing out of incandescent electric bulbs. Since 1 January 2011, it is prohibited to produce, import, sell 100 or more Watt incandescent bulbs. Since 1 January 2011, it is prohibited to purchase incandescent bulbs of any capacity used for lighting for government or municipal needs. An approximate deadline is specified for a potential prohibition of production, import and sale of 75 or more Watt incandescent bulbs - since 2013, and 25 or more Watt - since 2014. • Introduction of EE classes for goods and apartment buildings. The law introduces a requirement for producers and importers to label their products according to energy efficiency classification: o since 2011 – principal household energy-consuming appliances; o since 2012 - computer and office equipment; o since 2013 and further on – other goods, by decision of the Government of the Russian Federation, and since the date specified by the Government of the Russian Federation. • Introduction of energy accounting meters (“energy gauges”) o By 1 January 2011 – installation of water, natural gas, thermal energy, electrical energy meters in commercial and industrial buildings and constructions. Until 1 January 2011, all legal entities, government institutions shall be equipped with energy metering devices, and not later than a month after their installation, pay for the energy consumed based on the readings of the metering devices. o By 1 January 2012 – installation of collective and individual meters in dwelling houses and apartments. Until 1 January 2012, all owners of residential houses and flats in multi-flat buildings shall have metering devices both in the building as a whole, and in each flat (except for thermal energy), with the right to apply to an energy supply organization for energy metering device installation on the terms of 5-year payment by instalments. • EE requirements for buildings, structures’ Project Design Documents (PDD). • EE requirements for public procurements of goods, works, services. • EE and ES requirements for federal, regional, municipal programs. • State information system on ES and EE." (NL Agency, 2011, http://www.iea.org/media/pams/russia/EnergyefficiencyinRussianIndustryv2022.pdf)

        The law also sets in place administrative sanctions for non-compliance with the regulations.

        "The Law calls for a number of follow-up implementing by-laws. Instruments: Tax incentives include investment tax credits of up to 30% for companies investing in energy efficiency technologies, accelerated depreciation of high energy efficiency assets or sites and partial compensation of interest on loans granted by Russian banks for the purpose of investing in energy saving and increased energy efficiency technologies." (LSE Grantham Insitute database, http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/energy-efficiency-legislation-federal-law-261-f3-on-saving-energy-and-increasing-energy-efficiency-increase-and-amending-certain-legislative-acts-of-the-russian-federation/)

        Policy type
        • Energy efficiency1
        Policy stringency
        Implementation state Implemented
        Date of decision 2009
        Start date of implementation
        End date of implementation
        High impact GHG reduction
        Impact indicator


        Source or references http://faolex.fao.org/cgi-bin/faolex.exe?rec_id=077080&database=faolex&search_type=link&table=result&lang=eng&format_name=@ERALL

        http://www.iea.org/media/pams/russia/EnergyefficiencyinRussianIndustryv2022.pdf

        Supports policies
        Is supported by policies
        Comments (background and assessment)
        Status Final

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