General Law for Sustainable Forest Development Mexico 2003

Name of policy General Law for Sustainable Forest Development
Jurisdiction Country
Supranational region Country
Country Mexico
Region North America


Subnational region or state
City or local
Policy objective
  • Mitigation
Type of policy instrument
  • Economic Instruments
    • Information and education
      • Performance label
      • Policy support
        • Institutional creation
        Sector name
        • Agriculture and forestry
          • Forestry
        Policy description The General Law for Sustainable Forest Development aims to protect and restore forests, as well as ensure biodiversity conservation and protection of people affected by forest changes. It encourages sustainable use of forests and forest products.

        This law includes the National Forestry Programme 2014-2018 with 5 objectives, various strategies and actions. "The key objectives are the following: • Increase sustainable production and productivity of forests • Promote conservation and restoration of forest ecosystems • Protect forest ecosystems (forest fires, illegal logging) • Promote and strengthen forest governance and local capacity building • Promote and foster an enabling institutional framework for sustainable forest development Moreover, the Programme sets targets for sustainable forest development. These include: • Increase the percentage of sustainably harvested forest resources from 31.6% in 2013 to 58.7% in 2018 • Reach 94% of forest areas certified under “good forest management practice” by 2018 • Include at least 10.2% of forest area in the ‘payment for ecosystem services’ scheme • Increase the percentage of restored or rehabilitated forest area from 0.71% in 2013 to 5.45% in 2018 (out of the areas designated for restoration) • Reduce the annual net deforestation rate from -0.24% in 2010 to -0.20% in 2015 (18% reduction) • Reduce the percentage of wood sold on illegal markets from 27.6% in 2012 to 0% in 2018 (proxy indicator) • 8,750,000 tons of avoided CO2e emissions from deforestation and forest degradation by 2018 • Increase by 30% the credits allocated for forestry development and conservation programmes by the Development Bank of Mexico between 2012 and 2018" (LSE Grantham http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/general-law-for-sustainable-forest-development/)

        Policy type
        • Changing activity
        • Energy efficiency
        • Renewables
        • Nuclear or CCS or fuel switch
        • Non-energy5
        Policy stringency
        Implementation state Superseded
        Date of decision 2003
        Start date of implementation
        End date of implementation
        High impact GHG reduction
        Impact indicator


        Source or references Full document in Spanish: http://mexico.justia.com/federales/leyes/ley-general-de-desarrollo-forestal-sustentable/gdoc/

        LSE Grantham policy summary (English): http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/general-law-for-sustainable-forest-development/ National Forestry Programme 2014-2018 (Spanish presentation): https://www.gob.mx/cms/uploads/attachment/file/25918/3.3.2.5._Programa_Nacional_Forestal_PRONAFOR_7oct15.pdf

        Supports policies
        Is supported by policies
        Comments (background and assessment)
        Status Final

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