General Law on Climate Change Mexico 2012

Name of policy General Law on Climate Change
Jurisdiction Country
Supranational region
Country Mexico
Region North America

Subnational region or state
City or local
Policy objective
  • Mitigation
  • Adaptation
Type of policy instrument
  • Economic Instruments
    • Direct investment
      • Funds to sub-national governments
  • Regulatory Instruments
    • Monitoring
    • Policy support
      • Institutional creation
      • Climate strategy
        • Formal & legally binding climate strategy
        Sector name
        • Electricity and heat
          • Industry
            • Agriculture and forestry
              • General
                • Transport
                  Policy description Copenhagen Pledge: 30% below Business As Usual (BAU) by 2020 subject to the availability of financial resources and technology transfer, as well as 50% GHG emissions reduction by 2050 compared to 2000. Strong emphasis on adaptation measures.

                  This law also creates the Climate Change Fund which helps channel finances towards mitigation and enables trading of emissions reductions certificates.

                  The National Climate Change Policy, the Special Programme on Climate Change, and the Special Programme on the Use of Renewable Energy are linked to the General Law and ensure its implementation.

                  "Existing commitments adopted by Mexico under its General Climate Change Law and presented to the UNFCCC are indicative and aspirational, subject to international support from developed countries." (Source:

                  Policy type
                  • Changing activity
                  • Energy efficiency
                  • Renewables
                  • Nuclear or CCS or fuel switch
                  • Non-energy5
                  Policy stringency
                  Implementation state Superseded
                  Date of decision 2012
                  Start date of implementation
                  End date of implementation
                  High impact No
                  Impact indicator

                  Source or references


                  Supports policies
                  Is supported by policies
                  Comments (background and assessment)
                  Status Final

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