General Law on Climate Change Mexico 2018

Name of policy General Law on Climate Change Mexico 2018
Jurisdiction Country
Supranational region
Country Mexico
Region North America

Subnational region or state
City or local
Policy objective
  • Mitigation
  • Adaptation
Type of policy instrument
  • Economic Instruments
    • Direct investment
      • Funds to sub-national governments
  • Regulatory Instruments
    • Monitoring
    • Policy support
      • Institutional creation
      • Climate strategy
        • Formal & legally binding climate strategy
        Sector name
        • Electricity and heat
          • General
            • Agriculture and forestry
              • Buildings
                • Industry
                  • Transport
                    Policy description The main objectives of this reform to Mexico’s General Law on Climate Change of 2012 ( are to establish a mandatory emissions trading system (ETS), and to bring its policy framework into greater consistency with the Paris Agreement.

                    Art.7 states that the federal state has the prerogative of designing and managing Mexico's policy and strategy regarding climate change, as well as to coordinate and implement the policy tools provided by this law.

                    Art. 13 creates the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (Instituto Nacional de Ecología y Cambio Climático).

                    Policy type
                    • Changing activity
                    • Energy efficiency
                    • Renewables
                    • Nuclear or CCS or fuel switch
                    • Non-energy5
                    Policy stringency
                    Implementation state Implemented
                    Date of decision 2018
                    Start date of implementation 2018
                    End date of implementation
                    High impact No
                    Impact indicator

                    Source or references The 2012's General Law on Climate Change was amended in 2018 by Decree 13.07.2018:


                    Supports policies
                    Is supported by policies
                    Comments (background and assessment)
                    Status Final

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