Vehicles Fuel Efficiency Standards EU proposal 2017

Name of policy Vehicles Fuel Efficiency Standards EU proposal 2017
Jurisdiction Supranational region
Supranational region
Country European Union

Subnational region or state
City or local
Policy objective
  • Mitigation
Type of policy instrument
  • Economic Instruments
    • Fiscal or financial incentives
      • CO2 taxes
  • Regulatory Instruments
    • Codes and standards
      • Vehicle fuel-economy and emissions standards
Sector name
  • Transport
    • Electro-mobility
    • Heavy duty vehicles
    • Light duty vehicles
Policy description Average emissions of the EU fleet of new cars in 2030 will have to be 30% lower than in 2021. For the EU fleet of new vans in 2030, the reduction also amounts to 30%.

For 2025, targets for cars and vans are 15% lower than in 2021.

The non-compliance penalty amounts to: €5 for the first g/km of exceedance; €15 for the second g/km; €25 for the third g/km; €95 for each subsequent g/km. From 2019, the cost will be €95 from the first gram of exceedance onwards.

Manufacturers achieving a share of zero- and low-emission vehicles, which is higher than the proposed benchmark level of 15% in 2025 and 30% in 2030, will be rewarded in the form of a less strict CO2 target. (

Policy type
  • Energy efficiency1
Policy stringency
Implementation state Planned
Date of decision 2017
Start date of implementation
End date of implementation
High impact GHG reduction
Impact indicator

Source or references
Supports policies
Is supported by policies
Comments (background and assessment)
Status Final

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