CDlinks policy inventory

This table shows the coverage of a good practice GHG reduction policy menu by the G20 countries (European Union considered as single country). Numbers in brackets indicate the coverage rates of policies in respective areas (columns) and sectors (rows). Details can be found below the table.


Low coverage ---------------------- High coverage

Changing activityEnergy efficiencyRenewablesNuclear or CCS or fuel switchNon-energy
GeneralClimate strategy
GHG reduction target
Coordinating body for climate strategy
Support for low-emission RD&D
National energy efficiency targetRenewable energy target
Electricity and heatSupport for highly efficiency power plants (including codes and standards and fiscal/financial incentives)Renewable energy target for electricity sectorCCS support scheme, including fiscal/financial incentives and infrastructure investment
Reduction obligation schemesSupport scheme for renewables (including green certificates, fiscal/financial incentives, obligation schemes, net metering or direct investment)
Grid infrastructure development
Sustainability standards for biomass use
Overarching carbon pricing scheme or emissions limit
Energy and other taxes
No fossil fuel subsidies
IndustryStrategy for material efficiency (including product standards and other requirements) Support for energy efficiency in industrial production (including voluntary approaches, fiscal/financial incentives, obligation schemes or white certificates) Support schemes for renewables (including fiscal/financial incentives, green certificates, obligation schemes)CCS support scheme (including fiscal/financial incentives and infrastructure investment)Landfill methane reduction
Energy reporting and auditsSustainability standards for biomass use Incentives to reduce CH4 from oil and gas production
Minimum energy performance and equipment standards Incentives to reduce N2O from industrial processes
Incentives to reduce fluorinated gases
Overarching carbon pricing scheme or emissions limit
Energy and other taxes
No fossil fuel subsidies
BuildingsUrban planning strategies (including infrastructure investments)Building codes and standards and fiscal/financial incentives for low-emissions choices in heating, cooling, hot water, and cookingSupport scheme for heating and cooling
Minimum energy performance and equipment standards for appliancesSupport scheme for hot water and cooking
Sustainability standards for biomass use
Energy and other taxes
No fossil fuel subsidies
TransportUrban planning and infrastructure investment to minimize transport needs Minimum energy/emissions performance standards or support for energy efficient for light duty vehiclesBiofuel targetSupport for modal share switch
Minimum energy/emissions performance standards or support for energy efficient for heavy duty vehicles Support schemes for biofuels (including fiscal/financial incentives and obligation schemes)E-mobility programme
Sustainability standards for biomass use
Tax on fuel and/or emissions
No fossil fuel subsidies
Agriculture and forestryStandards and support for sustainable agricultural practices and use of agricultural products
Incentives to reduce CO2 emissions from agriculture
Incentives to reduce CH4 emissions from agriculture
Incentives to reduce N2O emissions from agriculture
Incentives to reduce deforestation and support for afforestation/reforestation

On the following pages for each G20 country you can find the good practice table and the list of policies where the high impact is on "GHG emissions”.


The G20 countries analysed are: