"The Contribuição sobre Intervenção do Domínio Econônomico (best known as CIDE) is an important and complex tax levied on some specific products in Brazil."
(Source: http://thebrazilbusiness.com/article/introduction-to-cide)
" CIDE was originally introduced in 2002 and is levied on the import and retail sale of gasoline, diesel fuel, fuel oil, aviation kerosene, LPG, other petroleum products, and ethanol fuel. The bulk of the revenues raised through the CIDE (71%) are collected by the Federal Government,
with the rest allocated to states in shares proportional to the length of their roads, their consumption of fuel, and their population."
(Source: ftp://ftp.oecd.org/FFS2015/BRA_country%20overview.pdf)