The present co-operation agreement was the basis for the elaboration of the first National Climate Plan (2009-2012), as well as establishment of the National Climate Commission. The Plan offers a detailed description of all existing formally approved climate change related measures for each sector (energy, industry, transport…) and cross-cutting issues (awareness-raising, exemplary role of the federal Government, etc.). The National Climate Plan also defines the 11 main axes of Belgium’s climate strategy:
• Energy production optimisation
• Efficient use of energy
• Industrial sector initiatives
• Development of sustainable transport
• Prioritisation of sustainable management of agricultural and forest ecosystems
• Continued efforts in waste management
• Increased climate change research
• Awareness-raising on climate change mitigation options
• Increased direct initiative of public authorities in reducing the GHG emissions
• Use of flexibility mechanisms (JI, CDM)
• Integrating the climate dimension into development aid policy
Climate change policy has been consolidated in the National Climate Plan (2009-2012). Since 2013, the National Climate Commission has been engaged in extending this Plan up to 2020, a process slowed down by the lack of agreement among the regions and the National government on burden-sharing of non-ETS targets for 2013 ? 2020 as well as the share of renewable energies per region.