(EU) 2018/2001 replaces the renewable energy directive (2009/28/EC) that required the EU to fulfil at least 20% of its total energy needs with renewables by 2020.
The directive's objective is to achieve a share of at least 32 % of energy from renewable sources in the Union's gross final consumption of energy by 2030 (Art.3). The target also includes a clause for a possible upwards revision by 2023. This target is binding.
The Commission’s original proposal did not include a transport sub-target, which has been introduced by co-legislators in the final agreement: Member States must require fuel suppliers to supply a minimum of 14% of the energy consumed in road and rail transport by 2030 as renewable energy.
The policy has been reviewed in July 2021 and the transport target has been removed.

Impact indicators:
  • 1
    Name: Deforested area (ha/year)
    Value: 20
    Base year: 2007
    Target year: 2020
    Comments: - (transport) Increasing the share of railroads in freight transportation to 15% and in passenger transportation to 10% by 2023
  • 2
    Name: GHG emissions reduction (GtCO2eq)
    Value: 0.1
    Base year: 2019
    Target year: 2030
    Comments: Economy-wide | Funds for emissions reduction
  • 3
    Name: GHG emissions reduction (GtCO2eq)
    Value: 0.04
    Base year: -
    Target year: 2020
    Comments: GHG emissions from agriculture reduction (MtCO2e)