"This Law is a general law on Energy Efficiency which creates the general framework for energy
efficiency in Russia. The main focus in the Law is on the government and budget-funded sector.
The government should be the first to start an energy efficiency reform. No specific measures are
included for industry, but it can be expected that these will be developed in the future."
"This law provides:
• a mandatory energy audit in budget-funded organizations, the first audit shall be performed
within the coming three years;
• an opportunity to enter into energy service agreements;
• an obligation to reduce energy consumption in comparable conditions by at least 3% per
annum within five years. The savings above this standard shall be kept by a budget-funded
institution and may be used, without limitation, for the staff salaries.
• a new ideology of public procurements. The Law introduces the right to set minimum energy
efficiency requirements upon procurement of any goods for government needs. The Russian
Ministry of Industry and Trade shall make proposals for changing the existing and/or
introducing new product energy efficiency requirements.
• requirements for household appliances and devices. The law introduces a requirement for
producers and importers to label their products according to energy efficiency classification
• changes in the tariff policy. One of the main incentives to increase energy efficiency of natural
monopolies and public utility organizations is the use of long-term tariff regulation methods,
first of all, return on invested capital method. Tariffs will be established for three years or
more, simultaneously with companies’ obligations to ensure reliability and quality of the
services provided."
"The action plan of the Law consists of:
• Gradual phasing out of incandescent electric bulbs. Since 1 January 2011, it is prohibited to
produce, import, sell 100 or more Watt incandescent bulbs. Since 1 January 2011, it is
prohibited to purchase incandescent bulbs of any capacity used for lighting for government or
municipal needs. An approximate deadline is specified for a potential prohibition of production,
import and sale of 75 or more Watt incandescent bulbs - since 2013, and 25 or more Watt -
since 2014.
• Introduction of EE classes for goods and apartment buildings. The law introduces a requirement
for producers and importers to label their products according to energy efficiency classification:
o since 2011 – principal household energy-consuming appliances;
o since 2012 - computer and office equipment;
o since 2013 and further on – other goods, by decision of the Government of the Russian
Federation, and since the date specified by the Government of the Russian Federation.
• Introduction of energy accounting meters (“energy gauges”)
o By 1 January 2011 – installation of water, natural gas, thermal energy, electrical
energy meters in commercial and industrial buildings and constructions. Until 1 January
2011, all legal entities, government institutions shall be equipped with energy metering
devices, and not later than a month after their installation, pay for the energy
consumed based on the readings of the metering devices.
o By 1 January 2012 – installation of collective and individual meters in dwelling houses
and apartments. Until 1 January 2012, all owners of residential houses and flats in
multi-flat buildings shall have metering devices both in the building as a whole, and in
each flat (except for thermal energy), with the right to apply to an energy supply
organization for energy metering device installation on the terms of 5-year payment by
• EE requirements for buildings, structures’ Project Design Documents (PDD).
• EE requirements for public procurements of goods, works, services.
• EE and ES requirements for federal, regional, municipal programs.
• State information system on ES and EE." (NL Agency, 2011, http://www.iea.org/media/pams/russia/EnergyefficiencyinRussianIndustryv2022.pdf)
The law also sets in place administrative sanctions for non-compliance with the regulations.
"The Law calls for a number of follow-up implementing by-laws. Instruments: Tax incentives include investment tax credits of up to 30% for companies investing in energy efficiency technologies, accelerated depreciation of high energy efficiency assets or sites and partial compensation of interest on loans granted by Russian banks for the purpose of investing in energy saving and increased energy efficiency technologies." (LSE Grantham Insitute database, http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/energy-efficiency-legislation-federal-law-261-f3-on-saving-energy-and-increasing-energy-efficiency-increase-and-amending-certain-legislative-acts-of-the-russian-federation/) IEA/IRENA Global Renewable Energy Policies and Measures Database © OECD/IEA and IRENA, [November 2020]