The 2012 National Climate Change Strategy aims to enable Tanzania to effectively adapt to climate change and participate in global efforts to mitigate climate change, whilst also achieving sustainable development.
Adaptation strategies are outlined for water resources, coastal and marine environment, forestry, wildlife, agriculture and food security, human health, tourism, energy (hydropower dams), industry, livestock, and fisheries, infrastructure, human settlements and land use. Mitigation is addressed through low-emission energy technologies, policies to conserve energy usage by industries, improved livestock management and food stuffs, greater efficiency in the transportation, mining, agriculture and waste management industries, and afforestation and reforestation policies (including REDD+). Additionally, cross-cutting programmes seek to implement public awareness programmes, establish research capacity and training institutions for climate change.