Switzerland’s NDC coveres all sectors and gases. Switzerland sets a target of at least 50% reduction of 1990 GHG emission levels (54.1 MtCO2e) by 2030 and to reach net-zero by 2050. Also, Switzerland proposes 75% of the target as a domestic share of its reduction and 25% to be achieved abroad. Besides this single-year target, the NDC also proposes a multi-year between 2021-2030 in which the country will reach an average reduction of GHG of at least 35% below 1990 emissions.
The Swiss government underscores the Energy Strategy 2050 that is yet to enter into force. In this strategy, it is foreseen an increase in renewable sources for power generation, both from hydropower (37,400 GWh) and others (reaching 11,400 GWh).
The second approach is to halt fossil fuel subsidies, which are being reviewed at national level embedded in a normative goal of transitioning towards a low carbon economy. At international level, agreements of cooperation have been signed with other countries (Switzerland NDC, 2020).
CAT evaluates Switzerland updated NDC 'Insufficient'. The country pledged a reduction of 50% relative to 1990 GHG emissions by 2030 and now the pledge is at least 50% and the pledge to reach net-zero by 2050. Moreover, according to CAT calculations, the new pledge to achieve 75% of the overall target through domestic emissions reduction can be translated into a domestic absolute target of 37.5% below 1990 levels by 2030, lacking 12.5% to be achieved internationally (Climate Action Tracker, 2021). CAT draws attention that considering the current policies Switzerland will not achieve the domestic target, with special concern in the transport sector.