Colombia has an overarching policy framework supporting its NDC, showing legally binding instruments to ensure its commitments. The NDC presentsa reference scenario of 345MTCO2e emission by 2030 and envisages a mitigation scenario of 169.44MTCO2 - 51% of mitigation. Furthermore, its end goal is to be a net-zero country in 2050.
For that some overarching actions are proposed between 2021 and 2030, for instance set a carbon cap by 2023 and reduce deforestation with international aid to a net zero by 2030 or to 50.000ha unconditionally.
The policy focuses on the 6 mitigation areas, overarching sectors. The NDC presents the use of codes and standards to reduce energy consumption, support sustainable constructions and replace old and out-dated devices and vehicles. The carbon pricing and tax aim to reduce the use of fossil fuels and also create revenue to invest in renewables. In the electricity area, the NDC mentions an improvement in energy efficiency to optimise the dispatch of electrical energy and the promotion and diversification of the energy matrix and exploitation of natural gas from landfills. In the building sector, improving performance appliances are pointed as a way forward. In the transport sector the NDC outlines the creation of a regulatory and financial environment that allows accelerating the transition towards electric mobility and Modernisation of HDV and, lastly, in the industry sector the fuel switch to a less intensive one will reduce the emissions of CO2e and in the LULUCF ecological restoration and reduction of deforestation are the core (Colombia NDC, 2020).
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