Nepal, in its economy-wide NDC, has chosen to establish sectoral targets. However, the targets are conditional to international aid. The base year used in this NDC was 2011, which the net emissions calculated was 31,998.91Gg CO2e and the BAU was projected for each sector.
In the energy generation sector, Nepal proposes to expand clean energy generation from 1,400 MW to 15,000 MW, being 5,000 MW unconditionally, ensuring that 15% of the total energy demand in the country will be supplied by clean sources. Nepal also states that 5-10 % of such clean energy will be generated from mini and micro-hydro power, solar, wind and bio-energy. (Nepal, NDC 2020)
In the transport sector, Nepal pledges that, by 2025, 25% of the sales of all private passenger vehicles will correspond to electric vehicles (including 2 wheelers), and 20% of all four-wheelers. This target will reduce 8% of the emissions compared with the BAU scenario. Moreover, by 2030 the share of sales will reach up to 90% of all vehicles and 60% considering all four-wheelers, which corresponds to a reduction of 23% compared with the BAU scenario. (Nepal, NDC 2020)
In the residential sector, Nepal focuses on the improvement of cookstoves, ensuring 25% of electric stoves by 2030 and in the installation of biogas plants (household units and large scale). Nepal aims to reduce 23% of the emissions compared with BAU. Lastly, in the AFOLU sector, Nepal relies on forest conservation (45% of the country by 2030) and sustainable management of 50% of Tarai and Inner Tarai forests and 25% of middle hills and mountain forests (Nepal, NDC 2020).
Climate Action Tracker (2021) in its own calculation compiling all BAU sectors and sectoral reductions to an economy wide one, outlined that the new conditional NDC would reduce 1.9 – 5.6 MtCO2e, leading to emissions levels between 69 - 76 MtCO2e in 2030.