The country projects a BAU scenario of 927.9 MtCO2e for 2030. Viet Nam pledges 9% reduction of the GHG emissions relative to the BAU level by 2030, unconditionally. It outlines that the contribution can increase to 27% with international cooperation. The economy-wide NDC covers CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs (Viet Nam NDC, 2020).
In the electricity sector the government outlines as future actions the development of the country's renewable energy production and investment in energy saving and energy efficient production. Nevertheless, plenty of challenges are also stated such as the high upfront costs. In the building sector the government aims to incite energy efficient appliances, sustainable construction for private and public buildings and shift from conventional fuels to electricity. In the transport sector the focus is on the change of transportation modal to freight trains, reducing the usage of lorries. Also, switching conventional fuels to biofuels and natural gas.
According to CAT, the update of its NDC is rated 'Critically insufficient'. The NDC is economy-wide (including LULUCF) which sets a target of reducing 9% of GHG emissions below BAU, or 903 MtCO2e/yr. The updated conditional NDC target converts to 748 MtCO2e/yr in 2030 (excluding LULUCF). The updated conditional on international support target aims to reduce emissions 27% below the new business-as-usual (BAU) trajectory (Climate Action Tracker, 2021).