Australia’s NDC submits the same target presented in its 2015 NDC. The unchanged target aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2030, including LULUCF. There is no roadmap towards the net zero emissions. However, Australia presents five actions that may impact GHG emissions cross-sectoral: clean hydrogen, energy storage, low carbon materials (steel and aluminium), carbon capture and storage, and soil carbon.

The Emissions reduction fund, Climate Solutions Package and Safeguard Mechanism are planned to result GHG emissions reductions (Australia NDC, 2020).

According to CAT, Australia’s NDC submitted is rated 'Insufficient'. The updated NDC pledges a decrease in GHG emissions by 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2030 (including LULUCF). Or only 11-15% below 2005 levels by 2030 when LULUCF is excluded. CAT also points out the document falls short in present quantitative basis to support its claim (Climate Action Tracker, 2021).