Russia established 1990 as a reference year and set the target to reduce GHG emissions by 30% relative to 1990 (3.1 GtCO2e) by 2030, taking into account the maximum possible absorptive capacity of forests and other ecosystems. Climate policies implemented focus on increasing energy efficiency in all sectors of the economy, developing the use of non-fuel and renewable energy sources, protecting and improving the quality of natural sinks and storage of greenhouse gases, financial and tax stimulating the reduction of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions (Russia NDC, 2020).
CAT rates Russia's new NDC as 'Highly insufficient', without improvements compared with the previous one. Russia’s absolute target is 30% below 1990 by 2030 including LULUCF. CAT calculates that excluding LULUCF the limit of emissions is set to 2,423 MtCO2e in 2030, 24% below 1990 (Climate Action Tracker, 2021).