Japan re-stated its goal of achieving the level of a reduction of 26.0% by fiscal year (FY) 2030 compared to FY 2013 (25.4% reduction compared to FY 2005). It is an absolute target.

According to CAT, this resubmission of its first NDC is rated 'Highly insufficient'. The NDC sets an economy-wide absolute target of 1079Mt CO2e or 26% below 2013 levels by 2030. Nevertheless, Japan is expected to submit a much more ambitious revised NDC in 2021, aiming for a net-zero by 2050 (Climate Action Tracker, 2021).