To ensure the transparency and credibility of the certification process, the proposal sets out rules for the independent verification of carbon removals, as well as rules to recognise certification schemes that can be used to demonstrate compliance with the EU framework. To ensure the quality and comparability of carbon removals, the proposed regulation establishes four QU.A.L.ITY criteria:
Quantification: Carbon removal activities need to be measured accurately and deliver unambiguous benefits for the climate;
Additionality: Carbon removal activities need to go beyond existing practices and what is required by law;
Long-term storage: Certificates are linked to the duration of carbon storage so as to ensure permanent storage;
Sustainability: Carbon removal activities must preserve or contribute to sustainability objectives such as climate change adaptation, circular economy, water and marine resources, and biodiversity.