This document establishes 1) a comprehensive framework to enable climate change mitigation efforts, including carbon removal, across the Union, and 2) a framework aiming to meet the global adaptation goal set out in Article 7 of the Paris Agreement (art. 5). It further commits the Union to an enhanced target of GHG emissions reduction by 2030 (art. 4) and to climate neutrality by 2050 (art. 2). It amends Regulation (EC) 401/2009 to establish the European Scientific Advisory Board on Climate Change and a number of articles of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999.