The REAP program provides assistance to agricultural producers and rural small businesses to complete a variety of projects. Offering both loan guarantees and grants, the REAP program helps eligible applicants install renewable energy systems such as solar panels or anaerobic digesters, make energy efficiency improvements such as installing irrigation pumps or replacing ventilation systems, and conduct energy audits and feasibility studies.

The REAP program is comprised of three components:

The Renewable Energy System and Energy Efficiency Improvement Guaranteed Loan and Grant Program,
The Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grant Program, and
The Feasibility Studies Grant Program.