This strategic policy document sets out to explore the challenges and possible actions to curve emissions from the transport sector in Brazil. It does not include any specific targets, but rather represents an effort to properly estimate the impact of the sector. Its main objectives are Specific objectives: to expand knowledge about CO2 emissions arising from the subsectors of transport and urban mobility, and their mitigation potential in the coming years, to contribute, in line with other government policies, to the takeover decision-making on expansion and transfer to more efficient, and infrastructure and logistical solutions that lead to reduced emissions, to leverage gains from investments in urban mobility, highlighting the socio-environmental co-benefits of the expansion of public passenger transport and non-motorized transport, to make it possible to scale the efforts necessary for the country to be able to achieve the voluntary targets for reducing assumed CO2 emissions internationally, based on actions already underway, and to strengthen institutional links with a view to creating the means to transpose possible barriers to increasing the capacity of the Transport and Mobility Sector Urban for climate change mitigation.