The National Energy Plan 2015-2030 aims to achieve energy sustainability with low emissions levels in Costa Rica. It supports the continuation of renewable energy development, energy efficiency and low-carbon emissions transport
The Plan is organized along seven axes – four in the electricity production sector and three in the transport sector:
• Improving energy efficiency
• Optimal distributed electricity generation
• Sustainability of the electricity grid
• Sustainable electricity generation development
• More environmentally friendly vehicle fleet
• Sustainable public transport
• Cleaner fuels
The plan includes a set of objectives to improve energy efficiency and increase the use of renewables. All houses that are not connected to the grid should have individual photovoltaic systems by 2030. Renewable energy projects will be developed to reach 731.9 MW by 2018, additional 470 MW over the 2019-2023 period, and additional 910 MW over the 2024-2030 period.
This plan also identifies several strategic actions, policy tools, and economic instruments to achieve these objectives such as energy efficiency labeling for appliances, new efficiency standards, incentives to build efficient buildings, funding mechanisms to replace inefficient equipment, information campaigns to promote energy efficiency among the population, strategic plans for public lighting for example.